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1 edition of Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles found in the catalog.

Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles

Sarah C. Case

Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles

workshop summary

by Sarah C. Case

  • 22 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by National Academies Press in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Government policy,
  • National security,
  • Risk assessment,
  • Security measures,
  • Safety regulations,
  • Research,
  • Nuclear fuels,
  • Nuclear facilities,
  • Congresses,
  • Nuclear terrorism,
  • Nuclear power plants,
  • Prevention

  • About the Edition

    The worldwide expansion of nuclear energy has been accompanied by concerns about nuclear weapons proliferation. If sited in states that do not possess nuclear weapons technology, some civilian nuclear technologies could provide a route for states or other organizations to acquire nuclear weapons. Metrics for assessing the resistance of a nuclear technology to diversion for non-peaceful uses-proliferation resistance-have been developed, but at present there is no clear consensus on whether and how these metrics are useful to policy decision makers. In 2011, the U.S. Department of Energy asked the National Academies to convene a public workshop addressing the capability of current and potential methodologies for assessing host state proliferation risk and resistance to meet the needs of decision makers. Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles is a summary of presentations and discussions that transpired at the workshop-held on August 1-2, 2011-prepared by a designated rapporteur following the workshop. It does not provide findings and recommendations or represent a consensus reached by the symposium participants or the workshop planning committee. However, several themes emerged through the workshop: nonproliferation and new technologies, separate policy and technical cultures, value of proliferation resistance analysis, usefulness of social science approaches. The workshop was organized as part of a larger project undertaken by the NRC, the next phase of which (following the workshop) will be a consensus study on improving the assessment of proliferation risks associated with nuclear fuel cycles. This study will culminate in a report prepared by a committee of experts with expertise in risk assessment and communication, proliferation metrics and research, nuclear fuel cycle facility design and engineering, international nuclear nonproliferation and national security policy, and nuclear weapons design. This report is planned for completion in the spring of 2013.

    Edition Notes

    StatementSarah C. Case, rapporteur ; Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council of the National Academies
    ContributionsNational Research Council (U.S.). Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTK9153 .P76 2011
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 100 p.
    Number of Pages100
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25280617M
    ISBN 100309220491
    ISBN 109780309220491
    LC Control Number2011277225
    OCLC/WorldCa773672126

    Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles considers how the current methods of quantification of proliferation risk are being used and implemented, how other approaches to risk assessment can contribute to improving the utility of assessments for policy and decision makers. The study also seeks to understand the extent to which technical analysis of proliferation risk could be . Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles considers how the current methods of quantification of proliferation risk are being used and implemented, how other approaches to risk assessment can contribute to improving the utility of assessments for policy and decision makers. The study also seeks to understand the.

    The Fuel Cycle R&D program also collaborates with nuclear industry and international partners with advanced fuel cycles to leverage U.S. research investments and pursue common goals toward advanced fuel cycles that are economic, minimize waste, and reduce proliferation risk.   Nuclear energy. Thorium fuel has risks. Thorium dioxide pellets could be the nuclear fuel of the future if proliferation concerns can be addressed. civil nuclear-fuel cycles involving in Cited by:

    An MIT Study on the Future of Nuclear Powerpublished earlier this year states that "Nuclear power should not expand unless the risk of proliferation from operation of the nuclear fuel cycle is made acceptably small". @article{osti_, title = {Nuclear proliferation: motivations, capabilities, and strategies for control}, author = {Greenwood, T and Feiveson, H A and Taylor, T B}, abstractNote = {Two possible patterns of proliferation appear to involve the greatest risks for nuclear use or war. The first is proliferation to particular categories of states and the second dangerous possibility is.


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Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles by Sarah C. Case Download PDF EPUB FB2

The worldwide expansion of nuclear energy has been accompanied by concerns about nuclear weapons proliferation. If sited in states that do not possess nuclear weapons technology Proliferation Risk in Nuclear Fuel Cycles: Workshop Summary: National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Sarah C.

Case:. Proliferation Risk in Nuclear Fuel Cycles is a summary of presentations and discussions that transpired at the workshop-held on Augustprepared by a designated rapporteur following the workshop. It does not provide findings and recommendations or represent a consensus reached by the symposium participants or the workshop planning : Sarah C.

Case, National Research Council. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC Proliferation Risk in Nuclear Fuel Cycles is a summary of presentations and discussions that transpired at the workshop-held on Augustprepared by a designated rapporteur following the workshop.

It does not provide findings and recommendations or represent a. Proliferation Risk in Nuclear Fuel Cycles is a summary of presentations and discussions that transpired at the workshop-held on Augustprepared by a designated rapporteur following the workshop.

It does not provide findings and recommendations or represent a consensus reached by the symposium participants or the workshop planning committee. Thorium fuel cycles A more far reaching technical proposal has involved the suggestion that alternative fuel cycles based on thorium rather than uranium would decrease the risk of nuclear proliferation by reducing the amounts of plutonium produced in nuclear power programmes.

The International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) was a major international study assessing the risk of weapons proliferation from nuclear fuel cycles.

Since its completion in there have been noticeable changes in the outlook for nuclear by: Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles book Needs of nuclear fuel cycles (large scale fuel cycle, Pu recycle) • Needs to develop safer, more economical systems • Needs of proliferation-resistant nuclear systems against the increase in nuclear diversion risk.

The primary risks regarding nuclear proliferation are: diversion of weapons usable material by nations diversion of weapons usable material by terrorist/theft Within the nuclear fuel cycle, there are various routes in which a potential proliferator may gain access to nuclear by: 3.

Nonproliferation Treaty, are more aware of the proliferation risks of plutonium separation. Although a closed-fuel cycle is no longer an urgent task nor necessarily economical, Japan has almost completed the commercial-scale Rokkasho Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facility.

It is ultimately for the Japanese people to decide what. Sustainable fuel cycle options are “those that improve uranium resource utilization, increase energy generation, reduce waste generation, enhance safety, and do not contribute to an increase in proliferation risk.” Many possible fuel cycle options existFile Size: 1MB.

In a closed nuclear fuel cycle, the greatest risk of proliferation is involved in the separated plutonium interim storage, fresh plutonium fuel fabrication and onsite fresh FA transportation stages.

This risk is much lower when a technology with no pure plutonium separation is used in the SNF by: 2. This book on nuclear energy and nuclear weapon proliferation contains the papers presented at the symposium and reflects the discussions at the meeting. Contents. PART I. INTRODUCTION B.

Jasani Chapter 1. Fuel cycles. An evolutionary strategy for nuclear power F. that circumstances are changing − proliferation risk is no longer limited to clandestine programs. Iran, having had to bring under safeguards a nuclear program which it was developing in secret, now maintains that the NPT gives any party the right to develop any aspect of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Iran’s actions raise the spectre of. In order to limit the risk associated with the construction and operation by NNWSs of sensitive nuclear fuel cycle facilities such as uranium enrichment plants, these facilities should only be operated in States which provide the highest level of non-proliferation guarantees.

Proliferation risk in nuclear fuel cycles is a summary of presentations and discussions that transpired at the workshop-held on Augustprepared by a designated rapporteur following the workshop.

Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles considers how the current methods of quantification of proliferation risk are being used and implemented, how other approaches to risk assessment can contribute to improving the utility of assessments for policy and decision makers.

Get this from a library. Proliferation risk of nuclear fuel cycles: workshop summary. [Sarah C Case; National Research Council (U.S.).

Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board.; National Research Council (U.S.). Division on Earth and Life Studies.]. An ad hoc committee will conduct a study and prepare a report for the Department of Energy (DOE) regarding potential research and development (R&D) directions for improving the assessment of the host state proliferation risk of nuclear fuel cycle facilities.

The study will: 1. Identify key proliferation policy questions capable of being answered by a technical assessment of the host state. Introduction. The fuel economics and nuclear weapons proliferation risk of thorium-based fuel cycles were reviewed and assessed extensively in the PhD thesis of Serfontein ().While these findings have already been presented on a non-technical level (Serfontein and Mulder, a), the present article, which was also presented at the HTR conference (Serfontein and Mulder, d Cited by: The proliferation risks associated with fuel cycle technologies have been known since the dawn of the Nuclear Age in the s.

The Baruch Plan of argues for the peaceful use of nuclear energy and ambitiously proposes international “complete managerial control of the production of fissionable materials in dangerous quantities.” Recent developments across the globe have refocused.

– All nuclear energy systems pose proliferation risks – relying on enrichment, producing plutonium (or at least producing neutrons that could be used to produce plutonium) – These dangers cannot be substantially reduced without abandoningFile Size: KB.Get this from a library!

Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles. [National Research Council; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board] -- 'The material that sustains the nuclear reactions that produce energy can also be used to make nuclear weapons and therefore, the development of nuclear energy is one of multiple pathways to.Improving the Assessment of the Proliferation Risk of Nuclear Fuel Cycles considers how the current methods of quantification of proliferation risk are being used and implemented, how other approaches to risk assessment can contribute to improving the utility of assessments for policy and decision makers.

The study also seeks to understand the extent to which technical analysis of proliferation risk could .